AeroFarms began in 2004 in the Finger Lakes area of New York. In 2015, the company relocated its headquarters to Newark, New Jersey. The company was co-founded by CEO David Rosenberg, CMO Marc Oshima, and CSO (Chief Science Officer) Edward Harwood.

In 2015, AeroFarms started a growing space a 30,000 square-foot former paintball and laser tag arena in Newark.

In September 2016, the AeroFarms Global Headquarters opened in a 70,000 square-foot facility in Newark, New Jersey, and is the largest indoor vertical farm in the world based on annual growing capacity. The farm was built in a 75-year-old former steel mill facility and has the capacity to produce up to two million pounds of leafy greens per year.

AeroFarms also has a functioning farm in the dining hall of the Phillips Academy Charter School in Newark, New Jersey. This 50-square-foot farm opened in September of 2011.

AeroFarms uses aeroponic technology in their farms. Unlike hydroponics, aeroponics utilizes a closed loop system to mist the roots of the greens with nutrients, water, and oxygen. The growing cloth medium is made out of BPA-free, post-consumer recycled plastic. The cloth can be fully sanitized after harvest and then reseeded with no risk of contamination. Acting as a barrier between the mist and the plants, the cloth allows for a clean, dry and ready to eat product. LED lights are engineered to have specific spectrum, intensity, and frequency which controls the physical and flavor components of the produce. The controlled indoor environment disrupts the normal cycle of indoor pests so they never get started. This pest resistant design does away with the need for pesticides, herbicides and fungicides.

According to wikipedia